Weather History Items for July 11 through July 20 excerpted from the excellent weather website, http://www.glenallenweather.com
maintained by observer extraordinaire, Lowell W. Koontz, and transcribed by Kevin D. Shaw and posted here. Sources of the information appear in parenthesis at the end of the line(s) of information, and should be consulted first when and where possible for any questions/comments you might have. If that fails, please let me know if you can't get your question answered, or if there is an obvious error to fix. Thanks!
Heavy snow reached almost to the base of Mt Washington NH, and the peaks of the Green Mountains were whitened. (David Ludlum)
Early morning thunderstorms produced wind gusts to 90 mph at Parkston SD, and wind gusts to 87 mph at Buffalo MN. Later in the day strong thunderstorm winds at Howard WI collapsed a circus tent injuring 44 persons. (The National Weather Summary) (Storm Data)
Thunderstorms produced heavy rain in southern Texas, with totals ranging up to 13 inches near Medina. Two men drowned when their pick-up truck was swept into the Guadalupe River, west of the town of Hunt. Ten cities in the eastern U.S. reported record high temperatures for the date. Baltimore MD reported a record high reading of 102 degrees for the second day in a row. (Storm Data) (The National Weather Summary)
Severe thunderstorms in Montgomery County MD produced 60 mph winds and left 40,000 without power. It was the worst thunderstorm in 8 years.
Afternoon and evening thunderstorms produced severe weather from North Dakota to Indiana. Thunderstorms in North Dakota produced tennis ball size hail at Carson. Thunderstorms in Indiana produced wind gusts to 75 mph at Fort Wayne. Five cities in the Southern Atlantic Coast Region reported record high temperatures for the date, including Lakeland FL with a reading of 100 degrees. (The National Weather Summary) (Storm Data)
The Kaw River flood occurred. The month of June that year was the wettest of record for the state of Kansas, and during the four days preceding the flood much of eastern Kansas and western Missouri received more than ten inches of rain. Flooding in the Midwest claimed 41 lives, left 200 thousand persons homeless, and caused a billion dollars property damage. Kansas City was hardest hit. The central industrial district sustained 870 million dollars property damage. (The Kansas City Weather Almanac)
First 90° day of year was very late in the year. The latest 90°F day ever recorded in Washington D.C.
Lightning struck a large broiler house in Branford FL, and the ensuing fire broiled 11,000 nearly ready broilers. Firemen were able to save a few thousand chickens, however. (The Weather Channel)
Cool air invaded the High Plains Region. Eight cities reported record low temperatures for the date, including Sheridan WY with a reading of 37 degrees. Thunderstorms developing along the cold front in the central U.S. produced 6.5 inches of rain at Fort Dodge IA, and 2.5 inches in one hour at St Joseph MO. (The National Weather Summary)
Evening thunderstorms produced severe weather over the Dakotas, including baseball size hail at Aberdeen SD, and softball size hail near Fullerton ND. Thunderstorms produced heavy rain in Arkansas and northeastern Texas, with 6.59 inches reported at Mesquite TX in just an hour and fifteen minutes. Garland TX reported water up to the tops of cars following a torrential downpour. (The National Weather Summary) (Storm Data)
Early morning thunderstorms over eastern Kansas deluged McFarland with more than six inches of rain. Afternoon thunderstorms in Wyoming produced up to eighteen inches of dime size hail near Rock Springs, along with torrential rains, and a three-foot high wall of mud and water swept into the town causing more than 1.5 million dollars damage. Evening thunderstorms produced severe weather in Oklahoma and Arkansas, deluging Dardanelle AR with 3.50 inches of rain in less than twenty minutes. About seventy cows were killed when lightning struck a tree in Jones County TX. (The National Weather Summary) (Storm Data)
Hurricane Bertha hits Wrightsville NC.
Lightning can hit the ground 15+ miles from the thunderstorm. Two golfers at a Tampa Florida course were hit by the first observed lightning bolt of a distant thunderstorm; it came from the storms cirrus anvil. The sun was shining at their location and one of the two men was killed. (Weather Guide Calendar with Phenomenal Weather Events 2007 Accord Publishing, USA)
A tornado struck Cherry Hill in New Jersey causing fifty thousand dollars damage. It also descended into the Harlem and Woodhaven areas of New York City killing one person, and finally ended as a waterspout in Jamaica Bay. (David Ludlum)
Dover DE was deluged with 8.50 inches of rain to establish a 24 hour record for the state. (The Weather Channel)
Lightning struck a key electrical transmission line near Indian Point Westchester County of southeastern New York State and caused a 24-hour New York power blackout. (David Ludlum)
Maximum temperature was 108 degrees at Memphis TN, 108 degrees at Macon GA and 105 degrees at Atlanta GA, all set new all-time records. The high of 110 degrees at Newington GA was just two degrees shy of the state record. (The Weather Channel)
Unseasonably cool weather prevailed across the Midwest. Ten cities reported record low temperatures for the date, including Casper WY with a reading of 39 degrees. By way of contrast, record heat was reported in the eastern U.S., with highs of 93 degrees at Burlington VT, and 101 degrees around Miami FL. (The National Weather Summary)
"Mother Nature" took a day off. There were just three reports of severe weather across the country, and just one record high temperature reported. Thunderstorms brought much needed rains to the Tennessee Valley area, producing nine inches at Senatobia MS. (The National Weather Summary)
A thunderstorm at Albany GA produced 1.40 inches of rain in forty minutes, along with wind gusts to 82 mph. Afternoon highs of 98 degrees at Corpus Christi TX, 110 degrees at Tucson AZ, and 114 degrees at Phoenix AZ, equaled records for the date. Greenwood MS reported 55.65 inches of precipitation for the year, twice the amount normally received by mid July. (Storm Data) (The National Weather Summary)
Annandale Barcroft Hills Weather Center had 2.11 inches rain in 24 hours from Hurricane Bertha.
WASHINGTON EXPERIENCES THE LAST OF 18 CONSECUTIVE DAYS OF 90° OR MORE
The average temperature of 81.1° is the fifth highest ever recorded from June 27 to July 14th 1936. Extreme heat prevailed across the central U.S. as severe drought raged from Texas to the Dakotas. Record high temperatures were established in sixteen states that summer, including readings as high as 120 degrees in the Great Plains Region. On this particular date, afternoon highs for 113 stations across the state of Iowa averaged 108.7 degrees. (David Ludlum)
Hail, with some stones up to an inch in diameter, covered the ground to a depth of three inches ruining crops in the Bath area of New Hampshire. (The Weather Channel)
Severe thunderstorms in Iowa produced eight inches of golf ball size hail near Grafton IA, completely stripping corn stalks in the area. Hail caused more than a million dollars damage to crops in Worth County and Mitchell County, and another million dollars damage in Ada County and Crawford County. Unseasonably cool weather prevailed in the Great Plains Region. Eight cities reported record low temperatures for the date, including Duluth MN with a reading of 37 degrees. (The National Weather Summary) (Storm Data)
Severe thunderstorms produced large hail and damaging winds in the Northern Atlantic Coast Region during the afternoon and evening hours. Thunderstorms also spawned a rather strong tornado near Westtown NY, and drenched Agawam MA with four inches of rain. (The National Weather Summary) (Storm Data)
Afternoon and evening thunderstorms produced severe weather from eastern New Mexico to central Nebraska. One hundred soldiers were injured by flying debris and collapsing tents during a thunderstorm near Trinidad CO. Thunderstorms in Colorado produced wind gusts to 77 mph at La Junta. Early morning thunderstorms produced torrential rains over parts of Louisiana, with 7.50 inches at Carencro, and 5.85 inches at Morgan City. (Storm Data) (The National Weather Summary)
An F3 tornado (deadlier than any 2000 US tornado) hit the Green Acres camp ground at Pine Lake in South Central Alberta Canada; 12 were killed 140 injured. Up to 50 mobile homes were blown into Pine Lake but no one drowned. (Weather Guide Calendar with Phenomenal Weather Events 2007 Accord Publishing, USA)
A dying South Atlantic Coast storm produced torrential rains in the southern Appalachian Mountains. Altapass NC was drenched with more than 22 inches of rain, a 24-hour rainfall record for the state. Flooding resulted in considerable damage, particularly to railroads. (David Ludlum)
Perhaps the hottest night ever recorded in the US outside of the desert Southwest, occurred at Lincoln, Nebraska when the minimum temperature fell to only 91°F. The citizens of that city spent the night outdoors trying to sleep on the lawn of the state capitol. (Nebraska State Historical Society) (Extreme Weather p. 30, by Christopher C. Burt)
The temperature at Balcony Falls VA soared to 110 degrees to establish a state record. (The Weather Channel)
Thunderstorms caused 76 mph winds at DCA and the highest since 98 mph winds were recorded in hurricane Hazel in October 1954.
The Big Thompson Creek in Colorado flooded for the second time in seven years, claiming three lives, and filling the town of Estes Park with eight to ten feet of water. (The Weather Channel)
Unseasonably cool weather spread into the south central and eastern U.S. Fifteen cities reported record low temperatures for the date, including Houghton Lake MI with a reading of 37 degrees. The high temperature for the date of 58 degrees at Flint MI was their coolest of record for July. Thunderstorms spawned several tornadoes in Illinois and Indiana, injuring a cow near Donovan IL. (The National Weather Summary) (Storm Data)
Twenty-six cities east of the Mississippi River reported record high temperatures for the date. Charleston WV established an all-time record high with a reading of 103 degrees, and Chicago IL reported a record fifth day of 100 degree heat for the year. A severe thunderstorm moving across Omaha NE and the Council Bluffs area of west central Iowa spawned three tornadoes which injured 88 persons, and also produced high winds which injured 18 others. Winds at the Omaha Eppley Airport reached 92 mph. Damage from the storm was estimated at 43 million dollars. (Storm Data) (The National Weather Summary)
Thunderstorms drenched Kansas City MO with 4.16 inches of rain, a record for the date. Two and a half inches of rain deluged the city between noon and 1 PM. Afternoon thunderstorms in South Carolina deluged Williamstown with six inches of rain in ninety minutes, including four inches in little more than half an hour. (The National Weather Summary)(Storm Data)
First 90° day of year in Baltimore in 1915 was July 16th the latest 90°F day ever recorded in the year. The latest 90°F day ever recorded in Washington Dc was July 12, 1979.
A severe hailstorm over parts of Antelope and Boone counties in Nebraska stripped trees of bark and foliage, ruined roofs, and broke nearly every window facing north. (The Weather Channel)
The temperature at Medford soared to set an all-time high of 115 degrees to begin a two-week heat wave. During that Oregon heat wave the mercury hit 100 degrees at Sexton Summit for the only time in forty years of records. (David Ludlum) (The Weather Channel)
An early afternoon thunderstorm raked the east side of Tucson AZ with gale force winds, heavy rain, and numerous lightning strikes. A thirteen-year old boy was swept through a forty-foot long culvert by raging waters before being rescued. (The Weather Channel)
ALL TIME WARMEST MORNING IN D.C. or highest minimum temperature ever recorded in DC 84°.
Showers and thunderstorms in the southwestern U.S. ended a record string of thirty-nine consecutive days of 100 degree heat at Tucson AZ. A thunderstorm at Bullhead City AZ produced wind gusts to 70 mph reducing the visibility to near zero in blowing dust. Southerly winds gusting to 40 mph pushed temperature readings above 100 degrees in the Northern Plains. Rapid City SD reported a record high of 106 degrees, following a record low of 39 degrees just three days earlier. (The National Weather Summary) (Storm Data)
Thirty-seven cities in the eastern U.S. reported record high temperatures for the date. Highs of 96 degrees at Bluefield WV and 104 degrees at Charleston WV were all-time records, and afternoon highs of 98 degrees at Binghamton NY, 99 degrees at Elkins WV, and 103 degrees at Pittsburgh PA, tied all-time records. Highs of 104 degrees at Baltimore MD and 105 degrees at Parkersburg WV were records for July, and Beckley WV equaled their record for July with a high of 94 degrees. Martinsburg WV was the hot spot in the nation with a reading of 107 degrees. Afternoon and evening thunderstorms raked the northeastern U.S. with large hail and damaging winds. (The National Weather Summary)
Showers and thunderstorms developing along a stationary front drenched the Middle Atlantic Coast States with heavy rain, causing flooding in some areas. More than five inches of rain was reported near Madison VA and Ferncliff VA. Hot weather prevailed in Texas. San Angelo reported a record high of 106 degrees. (The National Weather Summary)
Temperature range was 38° from 58° minimum to 97° maximum in Baltimore City, MD.
One of the worst heat waves in the history of the nation commenced. During the last two weeks of the month extreme heat claimed 679 lives in Michigan, including 300 in Detroit alone. (The Weather Channel)
A prolonged heat wave over Washington State finally came to an end. Lightning from untimely thunderstorms was responsible for 598 forest fires. (David Ludlum)
Thunderstorms helped the temperature at Key West FL to dip to 69 degrees, to equal their July record established on the first of July in 1923. (The Weather Channel)
On a warm and sunny day at Wilmington DE, with a high of 86 degrees, a dust devil suddenly appeared. It tore most the roof off one house, and stripped shingles from a neighboring house. A TV aerial was toppled, and clothes were blown off clotheslines. (The Weather Channel)
Slow moving thunderstorms caused flooding on the Guadalupe River in Texas resulting in tragic loss of life. A bus and van leaving a summer youth camp stalled near the rapidly rising river, just west of the town of Comfort, and a powerful surge of water swept away 43 persons, mostly teenagers. Ten drowned in the floodwaters. Most of the others were rescued from treetops by helicopter. (The National Weather Summary) (Storm Data)
A dozen cities in the eastern U.S., and six others in California, reported record high temperatures for the date. Downtown San Francisco CA, with a high of 103 degrees, obliterated their previous record high of 82 degrees. Philadelphia PA reported a record five straight days of 100 degree heat, and Baltimore MD reported a record eight days of 100 degree weather for the year. Afternoon and evening thunderstorms produced severe weather along the Middle Atlantic Coast, and over southern New England. (The National Weather Summary)
Thunderstorms produced severe weather from South Dakota to Louisiana, with 126 reports of large hail and damaging winds during the day and night. Thunderstorms in Nebraska produced hail four inches in diameter in Frontier County, and at North Platte, causing millions of dollars damage to crops in Frontier County. Thunderstorms in Oklahoma produced wind gusts to 90 mph at Peggs. Tahlequah OK was drenched with 5.25 inches of rain. (Storm Data) (The National Weather Summary)
A cloudburst in West Virginia along the small creeks in Wirt County, Jackson County and Wood County claimed twenty lives. Rockport WV reported nineteen inches of rain in two hours and ten minutes that Thursday evening. Tygart Creek rose 22 feet in one hour, and villages were swept away on Tygart, Slate, Tucker, and Sandy Creeks. (The Weather Channel)
Record deluge at Smethporth in northern PA gave 30.70 inches of rain in 6 hours and 34.30 inches in 24hrs. The downpours and resultant flooding in Pennsylvania were devastating. (David Ludlum)
One of the most "photo-genic" tornadoes touched down in the northern suburbs of Minneapolis MN during the late afternoon. The very slow moving tornado actually appeared live on the evening news by way of an aerial video taken by the KARE-TV helicopter crew. The tornado, unlike most, was quite the prima Donna, staying visible to tens of thousands of persons for thirty minutes. It was moderate in intensity, with winds of 113-157 mph, and caused 650 thousand dollars damage. (Storm Data)
Cool weather prevailed in the western U.S. Seven cities reported record low temperatures for the date, including Alamosa CO with a reading of 38 degrees. The low of 52 degrees at Bakersfield CA was a record for July. Up to eight inches of snow covered the Northern Sierra Nevada Range of California from a storm the previous day. During that storm, winds gusting to 52 mph at Slide Mountain NV produced a wind chill reading of 20 degrees below zero. Susanville CA reached 17 degrees that previous day, Blue Canyon CA dipped to a July record of 36 degrees, and the high of 44 degrees at Klamath Falls OR smashed their previous record for July by ten degrees. (The National Weather Summary)
Sweltering heat continued in California, with record highs of 111 degrees at Redding and 112 degrees at Sacramento. Death Valley CA hit 127 degrees. Late afternoon and evening thunderstorms in the Central Plains Region produced baseball size hail at Kimball NE, wind gusts to 79 mph at Colby KS, and six inches of rain near Lexington NE. (The National Weather Summary) (Storm Data)
Thunderstorms produced severe weather in Oklahoma, northern Texas and Arkansas during the afternoon and into the night. Thunderstorms produced baseball size hail at Stamford TX, and wind gusts to 92 mph near Throckmorton TX. Record heat continued in the southwestern U.S. Phoenix AZ reported a record high of 115 degrees, and a 111 degree reading at Midland TX was second only to their all-time record high of 112 degrees established sixteen days earlier. (The National Weather Summary)
Tropical storm to the east of DC caused trees and signs to be blown down and some buildings were damaged.
A hurricane from the Gulf of Mexico crossed Florida causing great damage from Cedar Keys to Jacksonville. (David Ludlum)
Cow Creek and Greenland Ranch in Death Valley CA reported morning lows of 102 degrees. The afternoon high at Greenland Ranch was 124 degrees, and the high at Cow Creek that afternoon was 126 degrees. The coolest low for the entire month for both locations was 82 degrees. (The Weather Channel)
A severe thunderstorm with winds to 80 mph and up to two inches of rain washed out four to five foot deep sections of roadway in Lake Havasu City AZ. Three persons in a station wagon died as it was carried 3000 feet down a wash by a ten foot wall of water. (The Weather Channel)
Thunderstorms produced torrential rains over parts of southwestern Pennsylvania. Some places receive more than twelve inches in a seven-hour period. The heavy rains caused flash flooding along streams resulting in widespread severe damage. The cloudburst flooded Johnstown with up to ten feet of water resulting in 76 deaths, countless injuries, and 424 million dollars damage. (David Ludlum) (The Weather Channel)
Fifteen cities in the western and the southeastern U.S. reported record low temperatures for the date, including Winnemucca NV with a reading of 33 degrees. Flagstaff AZ reported a record low of 34 degrees. Afternoon and evening thunderstorms produced severe weather in New York State and New Jersey. High winds and hail two inches in diameter injured two persons and caused considerable damage to crops in the Pine Island area of central New York State. (The National Weather Summary) (Storm Data)
Thunderstorms in Nebraska produced more than five inches of rain at Red Cloud, including two inches in fifteen minutes. Torrid temperatures continued over California, with record highs of 115 degrees at Red Bluff and 116 degrees at Redding. (The National Weather Summary) (Storm Data)
Early morning thunderstorms in the Lower Mississippi Valley produced 5.50 inches of rain south of Alexander AR in just ninety minutes, and flash flooding which resulted claimed the life of one woman. Thunderstorms in Indiana produced 4.95 inches of rain in twelve hours east of Muncie. Eight cities in the southwestern U.S. reported record high temperatures for the date, including Las Vegas NV with a reading of 115 degrees, and Phoenix AZ with a high of 116 degrees. The low that night at Phoenix of 93 degrees was the warmest of record for that location. (The National Weather Summary) (Storm Data)
A severe thunderstorm complex with winds to 80 mph struck St. Louis Missouri area. At Busch Stadium 30 people were hurt by flying debris such as trash cans and vendor stands, infield tarp was torn. 500,000 customers were without power some for a week with heat index of 115 the following day. (Weather Guide Calendar with Phenomenal Weather Events 2007 Accord Publishing, USA)
106° WASHINGTON'S HIGHEST TEMPERATURE TIES AUG. 6, 1918 The temperature at Washington D.C. soared to an all-time record of 106°. The next day Millsboro reached 110 degrees to set a record for the state of Delaware. July 1930 was one of the hottest and driest summers in the U.S., particularly in the Missouri Valley where severe drought conditions developed. Toward the end of the month state records were set for Kentucky with 114 degrees and Mississippi with 115 degrees. (David Ludlum)
The temperature at Keokuk IA soared to 118 degrees to establish a state record. (The Weather Channel)
Twenty-two inches of hail reportedly fell northeast of Dickinson ND. (The Weather Channel)
The temperature at Charleston SC was 104 degrees for the second day in a row to tie their all-time record high. (The Weather Channel)
Thunderstorms produced severe weather across Minnesota, Wisconsin and Michigan. Thunderstorms produced wind gusts to 87 mph at Mosinee WI, and strong thunderstorm winds capsized twenty-six boats on Grand Traverse Bay drowning two women. Thunderstorms produced nine inches of rain at Shakopee MN, with 7.83 inches reported in six hours at Chaska MN. Thunderstorms in north central Nebraska produced hail as large as golf balls in southwestern Cherry County, which accumulated to a depth of 12 inches. (The National Weather Summary) (Storm Data)
The temperature at Redding CA soared to an all-time record high of 118°. Showers and thunderstorms produced much needed rains from New England to southern Texas. Salem IN was deluged with 7.2 inches of rain resulting in flash flooding. (The National Weather Summary)
Showers and thunderstorms in the Middle Atlantic Coast Region soaked Wilmington DE with 2.28 inches of rain, pushing their total for the period May through July past the previous record of 22.43 inches. Heavy rain over that three-month period virtually wiped out a 16.82 inch deficit, which had been building since drought conditions began in 1985. Thunderstorms in central Indiana deluged Lebanon with 6.50 inches of rain in twelve hours, and thunderstorms over Florida produced wind gusts to 84 mph at Flagler Beach. (The National Weather Summary) (Storm Data)
A hailstorm (had ping-pong to baseball size) damaged most houses and vehicles on the east side of North Platte Nebraska; $7 million damage. A woman was struck on her head by a large hailstone in the Wal-Mart parking lot. She had to be taken to the hospital for stitches. (Weather Guide Calendar with Phenomenal Weather Events 2007 Accord Publishing, USA)